WIOA Job Centers and Service Areas, by State Two of the basic building blocks of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) are its workforce areas and network of American Job Centers (AJCs, also known as one-stop centers). Both elements have existed for many years, but many states are now reviewing both designations. We present a statistical portrait of these two key components of WIOA’s infrastructure, based on the first available data since WIOA’s implementation. To see it, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN. Each state weighs various factors in designating workforce areas and situating AJCs, but the two simplest considerations are the size and population of the state. The latest U.S. Census Bureau data on each state’s population size and area in square miles provides common two benchmarks to compare states with each other: to avoid too many decimals, we've presented the results against the ratios per 100,000 square miles, and per million persons aged 18 to 64. We have used this age range to approximate the working-age population, a number which is much more stable than counts of the unemployed or the labor force, on the assumption that the states do not quickly reconfigure workforce areas or open or close centers in response to economic volatility. For each category, we highlight the top-ranking states (including Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico as states), and sometimes indicate the states at the lower end of the spectrum; the national or state average; and the range from lowest to highest. We also identify some of the patterns that partially explain the results. One state ranks relatively high in the number of AJCs both in terms of square miles and population size: Kentucky. Note: to facilitate geographic comparisons, we will later add several maps to this resource. We will also update state population figures when the Census Bureau issues 2015 data.
Key Alternate Workforce Data Sources Federal research and evaluation Web sites are the best source of information on what works in employment, training and education programs and projects, which are published principally by the U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Education, and the U.S. Government Accountability Office. We have compiled the most important sources of such data in one place, with special attention to two U.S. Employment and Training (ETA) sites, the Workforce System Strategies repository and its Office of Policy Development and Research Research Publication Database. TO SEE IT, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
Overview of Pay for Success Projects The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) has issued a lengthy descriptive report on Pay for Success (PFS) projects, including two funded by the U.S. Employment and Training Administration (ETA). Drawing upon the GAO report and other sources, we've summarized these efforts, highlighting employment-related issues, and assembled a list of references for those seeking more information. Experiments with PFS and Pay for Performance (PFP) have been endorsed by the Obama Administration, and this new approach to financing government social programs has garnered widespread interest. Our detailed 5-page summary will help you understand this sometimes confusing subject, and bring you up to speed on its evolution. To see it, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
The Upjohn Institute has produced a useful map of WIOA's nearly 600 service delivery areas, which includes the most recent statistics on the employment outcomes and characteristics of WIA Adult, Dislocated Worker, and Youth participants, along with each area’s unemployment rates.
Improving the skills, knowledge, and credential attainment of American workers is an urgent priority. Labor market forecasts point to significant skills shortages looming in the future, despite high unemployment. If left unaddressed, these shortages could slow the process of economic recovery and reduce our competitiveness in the global economy. Career pathway systems offer an effective approach to meeting these challenges. Through better alignment of education, training, and employment services among public agencies, they hold the promise of increasing the number of workers in the U.S. who gain the industry-recognized and academic credentials they need to work in the most in-demand occupations. This new toolkit, released this week by the Employment and Training Administration, will provide a roadmap for States and local areas interested in applying the career pathway approach to solving pressing workforce challenges.
The budget for the U.S. Department of Labor for Fiscal Year 2010 includes a total of $45 million to support and study transitional jobs. This paper describes the origins of the transitional jobs models that are operating today, reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of this approach and other subsidized employment models, and offers some suggestions regarding the next steps for program design and research. The paper was produced for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services by MDRC as part of the Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ project, which includes two random assignment evaluations of transitional jobs programs. Transitional jobs programs provide temporary, wage-paying jobs, support services, and job placement help to individuals who have difficulty getting and holding jobs in the regular labor market. Although recent evaluation results have raised doubts about whether TJ programs, as currently designed, are an effective way to improve participants’ long-term employment prospects, the studies have also confirmed that TJ programs can be operated at scale, can create useful work opportunities for very disadvantaged people, and can lead to critical indirect impacts such as reducing recidivism among former prisoners. Thus, in drawing lessons from the recent results, the paper argues that it may be important to think more broadly about the goals of TJ programs while simultaneously testing new strategies that may produce better long-term employment outcomes.
Based on significant work in the field, the authors of this paper identify three major contextual issues shaping the re-authorization of the Workforce Investment Act: 1) the imperative across the United States for better systems integration; 2) the realization that social change happens most effectively at the regional level; and 3) the need for new systems of accountability that better integrate the outputs of both economic development and workforce development systems. This paper then suggests critical workforce system characteristics and policy factors that are needed to assure the success of collaborative strategic efforts.
This post encourages the public workforce system to respond to a series of questions to determine how local business may be responding to the President's call to examine hiring practices for the long-term unemployed.
The White House Fact Sheet details new and ongoing efforts to assist the long-term unemployed. The Fact Shee previews a DOL solication that will be released in February 2014.
The U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) Competency Model Clearinghouse is an online resource that provides validated industry competency models and tools that can be used as the basis of educational programs and curricula for a variety of industry sectors. The industry models support education and workforce development efforts serving as resources to identify employer skill needs in changing and emerging industries; provide business services that support human resource functions such as recruitment, selection, and performance evaluation; develop or evaluate a competency-based curriculum; identify credential requirements for certifications, or licensure; support career exploration and guidance.