Our colleagues at the US Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration (ETA) prepared a helpful summary of the issues pertaining to state take-up of $7 billion in Unemployment Compensation modernization funds available under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. With a set of relatively simple and progressive reforms, states can qualify for funds, which will in some instances pay for years' worth of benefits. Even so, some states have yet to implement the changes to bring their unemployment insurance systems in line with the needs of the contemporary workforce. This primer should help all those who are considering making the changes and qualifying for the money. Should your state be interested in finding out whether proposed legislative or regulatory changes will make it qualify for the payments, Office of Unemployment Insurance in ETA is ready to help. Visit this resource page.
Based on significant work in the field, the authors of this paper identify three major contextual issues shaping the re-authorization of the Workforce Investment Act: 1) the imperative across the United States for better systems integration; 2) the realization that social change happens most effectively at the regional level; and 3) the need for new systems of accountability that better integrate the outputs of both economic development and workforce development systems. This paper then suggests critical workforce system characteristics and policy factors that are needed to assure the success of collaborative strategic efforts.
The budget for the U.S. Department of Labor for Fiscal Year 2010 includes a total of $45 million to support and study transitional jobs. This paper describes the origins of the transitional jobs models that are operating today, reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of this approach and other subsidized employment models, and offers some suggestions regarding the next steps for program design and research. The paper was produced for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services by MDRC as part of the Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ project, which includes two random assignment evaluations of transitional jobs programs. Transitional jobs programs provide temporary, wage-paying jobs, support services, and job placement help to individuals who have difficulty getting and holding jobs in the regular labor market. Although recent evaluation results have raised doubts about whether TJ programs, as currently designed, are an effective way to improve participants’ long-term employment prospects, the studies have also confirmed that TJ programs can be operated at scale, can create useful work opportunities for very disadvantaged people, and can lead to critical indirect impacts such as reducing recidivism among former prisoners. Thus, in drawing lessons from the recent results, the paper argues that it may be important to think more broadly about the goals of TJ programs while simultaneously testing new strategies that may produce better long-term employment outcomes.
Despite positive signs of economic growth and a rising stock market, millions of unemployed American workers see no end to the Great Recession that wrecked their finances and threw their lives into turmoil. A new nationwide survey conducted in March 2010 of more than 900 workers who were jobless in August 2009 documents their continuing struggle to find jobs and the sacrifices they have endured in a punishing economy. The report, entitled No End in Sight: The Agony of Prolonged Unemployment, was prepared by professors Carl Van Horn and Cliff Zukin of the John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development, a research and policy center at Rutgers University. The report is based on a six-month follow-up survey with the national scientific sample of unemployed Americans reported in the Heldrich Center's widely acclaimed Anguish of Unemployment report released in September 2009. Seventy-six percent of those interviewed in August 2009 were re-interviewed by Knowledge Networks of Menlo Park, California between March 10 and 23 of this year. No End in Sight underscores that positive growth in the nation's economy has done little to reach millions of skilled workers still adrift in the most severe period of prolonged joblessness in decades. According to Professor Van Horn, the study's co-author: "Despite recent signs that the worst phase of the Great Recession may be behind us, the vast majority of jobless Americans have not found new jobs. When they did find work, most took pay cuts and/or lost benefits. Among those still searching for work -- many for more than a year -- are millions who have never been without a job and who have at least a college education. The inability of these job seekers to find new opportunities is an economic and cultural disaster."
Impact of Joblessness
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York has released a study that sheds light on the continuing hardship caused by joblessness, even after individuals return to work. Individuals who directly moved from one job to another secured a 6.9 percent increase in hourly wages, while those who experienced joblessness between jobs suffered an 18.5 percent drop in hourly wages. Similarly, average weekly working hours rose by 3.3 percent for those who changed jobs without interruption, while those who were jobless between jobs experienced a 9.7 percent drop in weekly worktime. Moreover, 37.3 percent of those who’d been jobless had no benefits on their current job, compared to only 13.2 percent of those who changed jobs without interruption.
To see our summary of this study, including a table and chart plus the link to the original study, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
An important advantage of the study is that it queried individuals about their wages, benefits and worktime at specific times connected with the start and conclusion of specific jobs that the individuals held in the past. The principal U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) surveys do not question individuals in this manner, but instead focus on an individual’s current job.
That individuals who experience joblessness suffer labor market hardship is well known, but it is useful to be able to quantify the degree of hardship, which underlines the importance of employment, education and training programs to ameliorate the impact of joblessness. The study did not distinguish between those who quit versus those who involuntarily lost their previous job, but BLS data show that the vast majority (about 90 percent in recent years) conclude their jobs involuntarily. The data could also be used to roughly calculate the costs of joblessness even after individuals return to work.
CBPP has issued a useful overview of state-specific General Assistance (GA) programs, one of the few income assistance programs for poor adults without minor children. In the past quarter century, the number of states offering GA to employable adults has fallen by more than half: from 25 to 11 states between 1989 and 2015.
The Census Bureau’s 2013 income and poverty report shows the first significant drop in the poverty rate since 2006. After holding at about 15.0 percent for the three previous years, the rate fell to 14.5 percent in 2013. Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers in 2013 were $50,033 for men and $39,157 for women — neither gender has experienced statistically-significant growth in inflation-adjusted earnings since 2009.
April 30th Webinar: Approaches to Obligating Reemployment Funds by September 30, 2010
The U.S. Employment and Training Administration has just issued six podcast guides to help individuals find and use labor market and workforce statistics. Topics are: 1. Unemployment data 2. Dislocated worker data 3. Employment projections 4. Industry data 5. Geographic data 6. Economic data The podcast guides are written simply and presume no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge. They should prove helpful for a broad variety of audiences and purposes, including grant applications; targeting growing industries and occupations; pinpointing labor market hardship; state and regional planning; and assessing program effectiveness. Each podcast is roughly 10 minutes long and includes a transcript of 2-3 pages. The podcast and transcript can be used either separately or together: the links can't be accessed from the podcasts, but the podcasts include visuals not available in the transcripts. Each topical presentation includes basic definitions, a brief historical background, links to the most important data sources, and practical tips on how to interpret and use the data and avoid common mistakes.
The U.S. National Center for Education Statistics has just issued its 2 leading annual publications, the Digest of Education Statistics and the Condition of Education.
In its second follow-up of the 2009 class of ninth graders, NCES found that 89 percent graduated on time in 2013, and another 3 percent acquired a high school equivalency certificate. Some 4 percent had dropped out, and an identical percentage remained in high school, presumably due to repeating a grade.
A new National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) working paper has reviewed the findings of 207 employment and training evaluations worldwide, finding generally long-term positive effects, especially for training and subsidized private sector employment.
The Upjohn Institute has produced a useful map of WIOA's nearly 600 service delivery areas, which includes the most recent statistics on the employment outcomes and characteristics of WIA Adult, Dislocated Worker, and Youth participants, along with each area’s unemployment rates.
Tired of being the last to know? One simple trick to staying on top of announcements, information, research and data is to make the news come to you. Many organizations have instant, daily, weekly, and sometimes monthly updates. We've assembled the links to key employment, education, and social policy-related sites that you can use to sign up for these alerts.
2005 Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives
The National Chamber Foundation has partnered with the American Free Enterprise. Dream Big. campaign to spur the creation of 20 million jobs in the next decade – restoring the 7 million jobs lost to the current recession, and creating the 13 million new jobs that our growing nation will need in the next 10 years. Each individual state will play a pivotal role in achieving this goal by creating the conditions for competition, innovation, and productivity through a focus on education and training, science and technology and infrastructure. Enterprise-friendly policies at the state level can facilitate local job growth by championing entrepreneurship and mobilizing effective partnerships for improving the conditions for business and job growth. Our study connects the success of free enterprise to our nation’s economy by correlating key policy inputs and best practices in state-driven economic development with job creation and other substantive economic outputs. Brief case studies of each state highlight policies and strategies that work. From the interviews we conducted for these case studies, it is clear that the states are making job creation a high priority, and are implementing meaningful changes in their approaches to job creation. While this varies by state, there is a renewed focus on creating more favorable conditions for business growth.
Frequently Asked Questions (and answers)on how to obligate ARRA RES Funds